Instruments For Testing Your Innovations
A battery emulator is an electronic instrument that will simulates many real battery electrical properties and characteristics. These characteristics are power, current, voltage, ESR, etc. It supplies the needed voltage, power, and current to a handheld device similar to an actual battery does. Generally an emulator will replace the battery inside a portable device for testing purpose. The emulator empowers test engineers to easily and thoroughly test these portable systems. Thorough testing is required both for product developments and final production.
Charger circuit that charges the battery is included in a lot of mobile electronic systems. The charger circuit must be fully and methodically tested to be certain it meets all of the specifications and reliably charge the batteries. A typical charging cycle is from depleted battery to fully charge typically takes few hours to complete. For that reason, charging cycle testing needs several hours. A complete charging cycle test can be done in just a few seconds when the battery is replaced with an emulator. Similarly, it could take a couple of days to empty a real battery in a portable handheld system. However an emulator can easily simulate the battery becoming drain within a few moments. While battery is simulated and "charging", engineers can monitor how the device and charger responds as the “battery” is depleted. A battery emulator can test these mobile devices to ensure that they met all of the specifications without waiting for hours. Furthermore, an emulator can easily simulate an overcharged battery cell as well as a completely deplete one (no voltage), both of which cases are difficult to do with an actual battery.
Figure 1. TS250 in emulation mode is connected to a charger for easy testing.
Figure 1 illustrates how an emulator is connected to the battery terminals for charger and system testing. The emulator is replacing the battery for fast and convenient charger testing. Turn the knob from left to right to simulate the battery voltage is being increase to stress test how the charger is responding. Observe the “battery” current on the LCD display. In summary, a battery emulator is an important piece of bench equipment for battery charger and cell balancing testing.
Figure 2. Multiple emulators are used to emulate a battery pack to test cell balancing circuits.
The terms battery emulator and battery simulator has been used in the electronic engineering industry and academic. However, there is no distinction between the two. They both perform the same function of emulating a battery. Some people preferred to call it simulator while others named it emulator. Their purpose is to replace an actual battery for the convenience of testing. The terms emulator and battery simulator are interchangeable.
The TS200 and TS250 are high output current power supply and amplifier that can source and sink current the same way a real battery does. Thus they are battery emulators. They have a DC OFFSET control knob that can adjust the voltage to simulate battery voltage changes. Additionally the TS250 features current monitor LCD display that monitors the emulated battery current.
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